Stage photography usually adopts the stage lights, light, do not use flash photography, formal performance are not allowed to use flash photography。 The distinctive features of stage lights for photography, the actress who is affected by light and background difference greatly by light; 2 it is actor on the stage by light of different location have obvious differences; 3 it is to often use colored light rendering stage effect; Four is with multiple light type, variety, such as positive light, side light and foot light, backlight, the spotlight; Five is the light intensity relative to outdoor natural light, much less。
According to the characteristics of stage lights, so appropriate USES more than ISO400 high sensitivity。 Such not only can meet the needs of low light paparazzi moving bodies, and has a greater exposure latitude and also help to record contrast big subject to use the stage colored lights, if you take colour film, will be ready for the idea, your photos will be serious slant on the color of the light, stage photography exposure is a nuisance, trouble is one of the exposure with the stage lighting design and actor on the stage of azimuth and change; The second trouble is subject and the background light than great, you can't simply rely on the meter。 If you use automatic exposure camera mount standard lens, is bound to produce the effect of main body character seriously excessive exposure, this is due to the large area of brightness low background fooled metering system。 Spot metering, therefore, photography is the only effective method of metering on the stage, if your camera is not spot metering function, you don't have a point light meter, then, can be fitted with a telephoto lens to replace the spot metering is feasible。 Metering areas should give priority to with actors face。 You cannot metering once and once and for all, to know that our visual perception of the brightness of the actor on the stage position changes caused by the change is not sensitive。 Actors from the front of the stage area after the walk to the stage area, enough to produce the difference between the second and third gear aperture。 Frequently metering is one of the tips to solve stage photography exposure。 When you made the actor's face after metering ＆#118alue, often also decide whether to make an adjustment problems, it doesn't matter if the background on your shot, can according to the exposure metering reading; If you want the background can have a better performance, should be on the basis of photometric readings increase exposure。 You know in the photo is much darker than the scene to see on the background。 Condition of no metering of the photographer, available 1/60, F4, trying out for (ISO400) at this moment, surrounded by exposure is worth using。
Second, filming locations and the lens focal length stage photography shooting position depends on the shooting JingBie, intention and the lens focal length, commonly used a filming location is downstairs in a row in the middle of a bit to the left and facilitate film actors enter the stage of "appearance" action in the close shot; The second is about the fifth row on the location of the roadside, the location convenient to make activities before and after the photographer; 3 it is the center of the first row of position on the second floor, facilitate filming scenes, prevent do not overlap, before and after to help create design picture of beauty. Different operas and plays the performance is different to the requirement of the lens focal length, relatively speaking, medium lens photography is the most versatile lens on the stage, if take a zoom lens containing medium, such as 35 - 105 mm or 105-150, mm, use more widely, and more suitable for stage photography. To film actors, in close shot, medium shot is indispensable.
Third, understand and choose if you want to shoot drama plot content knowledge, performance, it is difficult to make excellent stage still, this is largely depends on your opportunity. Improve the success rate of one stage photography tips is to familiar with the situation, understand the plot before filming, and read one or two times. So understanding of the progress of the plot, the performances of high tide or wonderful moments when appear in the know, corresponding position and the right lens focal length is determined, exposure were also measured, then, can with confidence, the ideal stage still easily.
For a group of stills to reflect the scene shot, but should also study the plot, good choice can reflect the theme and sum up the main plot and exciting scene. For group photos, shall also have the JingBie changes, this also should have a general consideration in advance, what take a panoramic view, what middle, what shoot close shot or a spectral features should be heart. It is important to note that still the big scene view should not be more than, otherwise will inevitably produce vivid, passion of ills. 8 J5 h % D0 ` : if there is no chance to watch two times in advance, this stage photography is often the case, then into the theatre, after carefully read the summary of manual, program is also very helpful. Can be roughly understand the plot, theme, main actors and their role, and roughly when considering for the climax of the show, so that when shooting early to prepare. If the inside and outside the theatre with the stills of the play, appreciation, thinking carefully, and also can get reference.
Four, some play shooting characteristics
All kinds of drama stage art, although there are similarities, but larger in the form of the performance differences, therefore, the stage photo need to highlight their own characteristics。
1, dancing, shooting stage the focus of the photographer preference is the subject characteristics of dance。 Acting mainly by means of physical movements of the dance is expressed through a variety of dance and express emotion。 Many different kinds of dance, each has its own characteristics, will surely have different features, such as filming ballet performance should be paid attention to tiptoe dance, film should be paid attention to the Mongolian dance performance shaking shoulder move back; And like a solo dance beautiful lyric, pas DE deux tacit cooperation, collective dance rich rhythm and so on。 But, in general, often dance picture taken including substantial leap, rapid rotation, express exhibition dancing, picturesque collective modelling, etc
Leap shooting action is the key to grasp the moment, the use of low Angle shoot contributes to the height of jumping, pay attention to the stillness of the instant gratification when he jumped in the actor, you use a slow shutter speed can also be successful. Pay special attention to during the filming of a social dancing jump shooting Angle, usually with positive direction advisable, because dance director is usually based on positive direction of the line of sight to design the dance formation, the positive direction is easy to make image full of rhythm and rhyme.
Taken rapidly spinning fast movement should pay attention to the use of good shutter speed, commonly used 1/60 or 1/125 of a second, helps to obtain the actual combination of dance image, the shutter speed too slow will make actor recognition; Shutter speed is too fast and can make the image "frozen" and the lack of movement。 You don't expect to take a successful, should be taken more, to win more, because the "opportunity" (moments of opportunity) good for fast moving bodies is a practical and important factors。
The beautiful lyrical, slow dance, should grab the moving posture and vivid expression。 Due to the action is slow, also facilitate you grab, close shot or close-up pictures。 Dancer in the majority with young beauty, in the film, close shot or feature is very favorable conditions。
For group dance, the director is often at the end of the opening and designed a beautiful modelling, this is the best time to taken collective modelling, and thus need to concentrate, don't miss this opportunity. Pas DE deux or solo at the end of the opening and processing into a state of silhouette, this is also should not miss shooting opportunities.
The characteristics of drama filming `
Chinese opera has a variety of different types, such as Beijing Opera and kunqu opera, yue opera, Shanghai opera, sichuan opera and so on。 Traditional opera performance often has a certain stylized, old, niche, actress, clown, etc have their own characteristics, there are different even walk footwork。 The characteristics of the opera is the hands, eyes, body, method and step with singing to express character's inner activities, when shooting and therefore it is worth noting that the performance of these details。 Opera actor certain actions are to match the music melody, therefore, pay attention to listening LuoGuDian rhythm, help to master the regular pattern of performance and the progress of the plot, facilitate fetching a wonderful moment。 Opera actor while singing in a large, often have repeated action performances on the stage, at this time to grab the rich expression instantly and have more opportunities。 Some opera has a lot of churn and jin series of head, a sword dance performances, the rapid movement, one should pay attention to the appropriate shutter speed, second, we must take more, its reason and moved rapidly spinning affinity。 Traditional opera also has exquisite, unique characteristics, make-up, with heavy variety strong color is given priority to, profiling between good and evil, all of these are worth highlighting to show their content。 Modern drama performance, there is no traditional music-drama the stylized, film features some analogous to play drama and opera drama dialogue and action as the main performance means, most themes that is modern。 Drama of sets, props, lighting standards, so we should pay attention to combining the performance of the scene, make the sets, props and subject complement each other。 Modern drama dress is close to real life, light makeup without profiling, the actor's expression from his face show, grab some worthwhile expressive mainly to sing opera, opera is just should take "sing" to express the typical plot。 In addition, the opera stage lighting intensity tend to vary considerably。 And colored lights, this requires the photographer to pay attention to adjust exposure, and careful colored light to shoot the influence of colour film。
The characteristics of acrobatics is difficult technique combined with graceful posture, and often full of life interest. Shooting acrobatics to clap a kung fu and beautiful modelling is given priority to. Acrobatic show orgasm often at the end of the show, so in the more exciting, more should be captured attention. Acrobatics is usually appropriate shoot panoramic or middle, close shot, close-up general enough to reflect the acrobatics in the picture "thriller" and "difficult"
Quyi is the floorboard of the singing art, have everywhere show few, simple props and the characteristics of the play. Like to say, to learn, as this crosstalk to laugh: speech, mimicry, comedy and song for its artistic features, fetching actors in "learning", "tease" hilarious "m＆#111nkey", often can make the picture gives a person with vivid feeling. Some necessary for rap and props, which is also should not ignore the accompany body, helps to explain the characteristics of the folk arts. Usually took photos with close shot advisable quyi, therefore, medium lens is very useful for shooting quyi. Quyi performance often use "the microphone" on the stage, so take care, don't make the "microphone" blocking the actor's face.